Sprechen auf Deutsch: Understanding German Terminology

Trocken (dry) These are wines that have less than 9 grams/liter of residual sugar.
Halbtrocken (half-dry) These are wines that have between 9 grams/liter and 18 grams/liter of residual sugar.
Fruchtsüß (fruity sweetness)
or Restsüß (residual sweetness)
These are the terms for all wines with a residual sugar level above 18 grams/liter.
Feinherb (difficult to translate…it’s close to terms such as fine-austere or fine-bitter) This is used mostly in the Mosel and has been allowed by law after a trial a few years ago. You find this expression on the label.